Tatwa Bodham - 11. Moksham Apr 19, 2014 10:30:17 GMT 5.5
Post by Amritha Varshini on Apr 19, 2014 10:30:17 GMT 5.5
Tatwa Bodham - Sri Adhi Shankaracharya
Sanjeetha Karma gets destroyed once the knowledge "AHAM BRAHMA ASMI" dawns. Aagaami Karma also gets destroyed in the Gnaanaagni (Fire of Knowledge). Even though there is water drops on the leaves of the lotus in a pond, the leaves do not get wet. Similarly the one who has obtained the Aatma Gnaana, when he acts does not have the doer-ship or enjoyer-ship and hence, the Aagaami Karma does not bind him. If so, what happens to the results of the good actions of Gnaanis in this human body? The results of good deeds of Gnaani goes to those who worships and praise them and the results of bad actions goes to those who harass and abuse Gnaanis. The Self Realised persons crosses all sorrows is the Veda Vaakya. To the extent Brahma Gnaana dawns on Jeevan Muktha, he gets relieved from the karma bandhaas. Jeevan Muktha has no bondage of Karma. When one is in dream state, he is affected by the happenings in the dream. When he is awake there is no bondage of his actions in his dream, he gets relieved from the results of his actions in dream state after waking. Similarly, the JEEVAN MUKTHAN, gets into the Thuriya state in the Waking state itself. In that state, he gets relieved from all the results of his actions in this life. The ignorance, which is the cause of Birth and Death, gets erased by the Gnaana (Knowledge).
To the Jeevan Muktha, who has attained Aatma Saakshaathkkaaram, the Sanjeetha Karmas get destroyed. Even Aagaami Karmas do not touch him. He gets relief from both these. As the dreamer is relieved of all his Dream state connections, so also Jeevan Muktha lives without the Karma Bondage. In other words, a Gnaani considers this world as a dream world. As Knowledge cuts asunder the effects of Ignorance, a Gnaani is relieved from the results of ignorance. However, PraarabhDha Karma has to be gone through even by the body of a Gnaani and he goes through the experience without getting bonded by it, because he has no feeling of doer-ship and enjoyer-ship. Even if his body goes through the Karmas, he is not getting bound by them. He is still considered as doing no karma. He knows he is not the body. Still whatever is done by this body will bring results. How these Karmas of the Gnaani is going to give the results? Let us see.
As said earlier, all the reactions of the good karma of a Gnaani goes to those who are worshipping and praising him and all the results of bad karma of that Gnaani goes to those who harass and abuse him. Thus the results of his good and bad actions do not go to him and hence he becomes Mukthan (relieved). Also as all the Karmas are destroyed, he has no birth and death in a body. He is never born. Though the Realised person lives in the body, he is not bound by it. A person who looks at a broken mirror looks at his reflection and understands that the reflection is not him and he is separate from it. Similarly a Gnaani, though living in a body, is not bound by the activities of the body, since he has come out of the Ignorance and attained the Knowledge Supreme.
To cook food you need fire. The gas or firewood etc. are required to create fire. So also to attain Knowledge some steps are required. To get Realisation of the SELF, four things are essential. These are four Yogas. The Yoga Sastra explains these four yogas. The things required for this are Sravanam, Mananam, Nidhidhyaasanam.
These are known as Gnaana Saadhanas. These are explained by Vedhaantha, which is also called Sruti. All other scriptures are known as Smruthis. Smruthis give explanation to what is stated by Srutis. Smruthis declare that "a Gnaani may discard his body either in Ganges or in the house of a Chandaala. There is nothing wrong in it. When he gained Gnaana, he gets relieved from all Karma Phalaas".
A JEEVAN MUKTHAN is the one who is relieved of all bondages in this janma itself. None of his actions are binding him. Our Sastras declare that it is considered good if one dies in Uththaraayanam, in the Ganges water, and getting Kapaala Moksham (the energy escaping through the head). The Jeeva escaping from this body may get some benefit. That is the belief. However, a Gnaani is not bothered by these sayings and he never bothers about where he discards his body on death. As he is free from all Karma Bhalaas, he is not bothered about what happens to the body at the end.
Ithi Tatwa Bhodha PrakaraNam Samaaptham
OM TAT SAT - SHANTI: SHANTI: SHANTI:
Commentary by Sri P.K. Venkatachalam (firstname.lastname@example.org)