Tatwa Bodham - 10. Karmam Apr 19, 2014 10:24:20 GMT 5.5
Post by Amritha Varshini on Apr 19, 2014 10:24:20 GMT 5.5
Tatwa Bodham - Sri Adi Shankaracharya
Ignorance has no beginning. Therefore, the Jeeva, which has shot up from Ignorance, also has no beginning. After taking various births in innumerable forms in the lower species, the Jeeva takes this human form when he performs good and bad activities. Whether an activity is good or bad is determined not by the act itself but with what objective it is performed. There is a reason for each activity and every action produces a reaction, depending on the objective with which that action was performed and this reaction comes in due course. Actions performed with good objective bring beneficial (Punyam) results and those done with adverse objectives bring negative (Paapam) reactions.
KarmaaNi KathiviDhaani Santheethi Cheth
Aagaami Sanjith PraarabhDha Bhedhena ThriviDhaani Santhi
How many types of Karmas are there?
There are three types of Karmas - Aagaamyam, Sanjeetham, PraarapDham.
Gnaanothpathyanantharam Gnaani Deha Krutham
PuNya Paapa Roopam Karma
When a Gnaani - who has attained Brahma Saakshaath- kkaaram and stays in Brahmagnaanam – performs good or bad activities, the results of which are called Aagaami Karma. When the Jeeva, while undergoing the Praarabha Karma Phalaas, enters into good or bad activities with the ownership of "I am the doer". These are called Aagaami Karma. After his death, these Aagaami Karmas are becoming Sanjeetha Karmas. Aagaami karmas are giving results only when we are in human body. The animals etc. do not perform action with the ownership "I am the doer", "I am the enjoyer" etc. Aagaami Karmas will give result only when the actions are done with these ownership feelings, which is done only by human beings.
All the actions done in the past lives in innumerable births and deaths in various forms have their reactions in their rudimentary form, all of which are collected and kept without giving the results then. These are called Sanjeetha Karmaas.
AnanthakOti Janmanaam BheejaBhootham Sath Yath Karma Jaatham
Poorvaarjitham Thishtanthi Thath Sanjeetham Gneyam
The deposited good and bad actions of the past are capable of giving result in due course. Jeeva collects innumerable good and bad karma in earlier lives, which have not given result then but it is capable of taking more and more janmaas. Such are called Sanjeetha Karma. They are like the fixed deposit in the banks. Their results will come back at the appropriate time in the appropriate life.
Idham SareeramuthpaaDhya Iha Loke Evam
SukhaDhu:khaadhi Pradham Yath Karma Thath Prarabhdham
Bhogena Nashtam Bhavathi Praarabhdha KarmaNaam
Bhogaadheva Kshaya Ithi
After taking this birth, whatever was done in last janma will guide our actions in this janma. Unless we enjoy the past karma results, this karma will not end. The karmaas which give result to the Jeeva after taking this birth are called Prarabhdha karma. This is equivalent to the return of capital after the duration of the Fixed Deposit. This Prarabhdha karma decides about the type of body to be borne in and the nature of the surroundings for this birth so that these stored results can be enjoyed by this Jeeva. Depending on the stored results (Prarabhdha karma phala), each janma comes - whether in human form, animal form, bird form, tree or other objects etc.- so that the appropriate karma phala in balance can be gone through by the Jeeva. Jeeva gets human form due to the good deeds in the past. Jeeva goes through various good or bad experiences in this life according to the nature of karma phala stored from past life. After these prarabhdha karma ends, the Jeeva ends his life.
Sanjitham Karma Brahmaivaahamithi
Nischayaathmaka Gnaanena Nasyathi
Sanjitha karma will get destroyed with the dawn of "Aham Brahma Asmi" knowledge.
Aagaami Karma Api Ghaanena Nasyathi kincha KarmaNaam
Nalineedhalagatha Jalavath Gnaaninaam SamBhanDho Naasthi
Aagaami Karma also gets destroyed at the dawn of Knowledge. Further, a Gnaani has no connection with the Aagaami Karma just like the water drops on the rose petals in a tank.
Kincha Ye Gnaaninam Sthuvanthi Bhajanthi Archayanthi
Thaanprathi Gnaanikrutham Aagaami PuNyam Gacchathi
Further, those who nourish, praise and worship Gnaanis, to such persons, the Aagaami Karma Phala of that Gnaani will come.
Ye Gnaaninam Nindhanthi Dvishanthi Dhukha:Pradhaanam Kurvanthi
Thaanprathi Gnaanikrutham Sarvamaagaami KriyamaaNam
Yadhavaachyam Karma Paapaathmakam Thadh Gacchathi
Those, who abuse and harass the Gnaanis, to them all the Paapaas of the actions of the Gnaani will come.
ThaThaa Chaathmavith SamSaaram Theerthwaa Brahmaanandham Ihaiva Praapnothi
The one who has realised the Aatma, overcomes all the sorrows and enjoys Brahmaanandham in this janma itself.
Tharathi Shokam Aatmavith Ithi Sruthe:
The Sruti declares that the one who has realised the Aatma, crosses all sorrows (trials and tribulations).
Thanum Thyajath Vaa Kaasyaam svapacha Sya Gruhe AThavaa
Gnaana Sampraapthi Samaye Muktho Asow Vigathaasaya:
Whether this body is discarded in Kaasi or in the house of the one who eats dogs, the one who has discarded the desires becomes Mukthan once he gets this Gnaanam (Knowledge). Those who have performed unpolluted good karmaas goes to Swarga Loka and enjoys all the amenities there. On the contrary, those who have performed sinful activities are taken to Naraka Loka for suffering the results of their deeds. Jeeva gets human life as a result of more Punya karmaas than Paapa Karmaas and if the results of Paapa Karmaas are more than the Punya Karmaas, he takes the body of animals.
These three types of karmas and rules of karmas are wide spread in the life of Jeevaas and in the Nature too. These are the variety of diversities. In the world, Some are happy and some are not. Even in other Charaachara objects we can see such differentiation. The reason for this is the type of Karmaas done and the appearance of the results of such karmaas.
Commentary by Sri P.K. Venkatachalam (email@example.com)